Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in pharmacotherapy-refractory major depression: comparative study of fast, slow and sham rTMS.
Padberg F; Zwanzger P; Thoma H; Kathmann N; Haag C; Greenberg BD; Hampel H; Moller HJ
Psychiatry Res 1999 Nov 29;88(3):163-71

ABSTRACT: In Previous Studies, Fast Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) With A Frequency > 1 Hz Demonstrated Substantial Antidepressant Effects Compared To Sham RTMS. However, It Is Not Clear Whether Fast RTMS Is Superior To Slow RTMS (frequency < Or = 1 Hz) Which Is Safe At Therapeutically Promising Higher Intensities. The Aim Of This Double-blind Study Was To Compare The Action Of Fast, Slow And Sham RTMS. Eighteen Patients With Pharmacotherapy-resistant Major Depression Were Randomized To Receive Fast (10 Hz), Slow (0.3 Hz) Or Sham RTMS With 250 Stimuli/day For 5 Successive Days. RTMS Was Applied At 90% Motor Threshold Intensity To The Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. Scores On The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), But Not On The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Showed A Statistically Significant Time X Group Interaction With A Reduction Of 19% After Slow RTMS. However, The Effect Was Clinically Marginal And Not Reflected By Self-rating Scores. Verbal Memory And Reaction Performance Were Not Impaired After RTMS, And There Was Even A Statistically Significant Time X Group Interaction With Improvement Of Verbal Memory Performance After Fast RTMS. In Conclusion, This Study Further Supported The Safety Of RTMS But Does Not Show Any Clinically Meaningful Antidepressant Efficacy Of RTMS At 250 Daily Stimuli Over 5 Days In Pharmacotherapy-refractory Major Depression.
MAIN MESH HEADINGS:
Brain/*physiopathology
Depression, Involutional/*therapy
Magnetics/*therapeutic Use
Physical Stimulation/*methods
*Reaction Time
*Verbal Learning
PUBLICATION TYPES:
CLINICAL TRIAL
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
LANGUAGES: Eng

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Eletromagnetismo

Bioeletricidade
em Psiquiatría